Fruits And Vegetables Unit And Activities For Preschool

Fruit & vegetables unit for preschool

This week we are learning about fruits and vegetables. Our garden started to bloom and the vegetables and fruits are growing quickly. My daughter loves to eat colorful fruits and vegetables and she’s pretty much familiar with the names of the foods she have on her plate. In this unit, the child will learn the different kinds of fruits and vegetables as well as the part of the fruit.

Materials

I gathered my learning materials for fruits and vegetables unit such as books to read, object card, miniature fruits and vegetables, real fruit to cut, moveable letters and fruit puzzle with part labels. I divided my presentation into three parts.

Presentation 1

Presenting a picture card or page of the book with similar object. Matching the picture card to an object or fruit using the three period lesson.

Presentation 2

Word creation using moveable letters. My daughter is just three year old to create a word by herself. To help her understand the concept, I show her a picture card of fruit and vegetables. Then I ask her what letters she sees in this card. With this, it’s easier for her to pick the letters from the box and arrange it in order.

Presentation 3

Prepare a fresh fruit and cut it into half. Show the fruit puzzle and identify the parts with the labels.

  1. Exocarp– the outer layer of the pericarp.
  2. Mesocarp– the middle layer of the pericarp.

  3. Endocarp– the innermost layer of the pericarp that surrounds the seed.

  4. Pericarp– the part of a fruit formed from the wall of the ripened ovary.

  5. Seed– an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

LadyBug Unit And Activities For Preschool

This week we are learning about the lady bug. My daughter loves lady bug so much! I have the perception that if a child was born during spring season, it will be natural for her to love those living things and natural creations we see during this season. One day we’re walking along our local shop and she spotted a lady bug wing. To my surprise, she tries to pull me and ask me to hurry up toward the bottom isle. I realized she found a lady bug wing! At first she don’t have the idea that it is a dress up wing to put on. So I put it on her back and guide her to the mirror to show how it looks like to be a little girl with a lady bug wing. The result is priceless! She was mesmerized by it. She’s been looking at the mirror repeatedly then turning around and again stop to glance to see the little lady bug girl in front of the mirror. It is indeed a perfect time to study and explore about bugs most specially when the garden plants blooms beautifully!

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Because she’s fascinated with the lady bug, I gather my learning materials for the month of May focusing on the things we usually see during spring time. We will start to learn about the lady bug. This is good for preschoolers and kindergarten ages 3 to 6 years.

Some of the links in the post below are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. Please check out my disclosure policy for more details.

Ladybug

Ladybug: Scientific name “coccinellidae” is a widespread family of small beetles ranging from 0.8 to 18mm. There are about 5000 different species of lady bug around the world. Ladybug are also called lady beetles or ladybird beetles. Ladybug appear as half-spheres tiny, spotted, round or oval-shape domes. They have short legs and antennae.

Materials: Montessori Lady Bug Puzzle,parts of the lady bug sheet, movable alphabet (optional)

Points Of Interest: How different parts of the lady bug look.

Direct Aim: Development of an appreciation for ladybug. Development of the powers of observation.

Indirect Aim: The names of the parts of the ladybug.

Control Of Error: The interlocking of the puzzle pieces.

Presentation: Invite the child to sit with you with the material on the rug. Say “I would like to talk about the parts of the lady bug today.” Place the lady bug sheet in front of the child. Name each parts of the ladybug slowly and clear. I then show the wooden ladybug puzzle to a child with the parts that similar to the sheet I presented like the head, legs and wing. Allow the child to remove the parts of the puzzle and replace them. Encourage the child to repeat removing the pieces of the puzzle with the addition of naming the parts of the ladybug.

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Language and Sensorial– I took the lower case /l/ from my sandpaper letter box and stroke gently from top to bottom using my two index fingers. Make sure the child watch carefully your fingers from top to bottom while saying the /l/ sound.

Note: When I present to a child, I don’t use too much words. Try to use simple and few words.

Books: This are the books we enjoy to read while learning all about the Ladybug!  Five Little Ladybugs, The Ladybug, Ladybug Girl and Bumblebee Boy

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“The development of articulate language takes place in the period between the age of two and the age of seven: the age of perception in which the attention of the child is spontaneously turned towards external objects and the memory is particularly tenacious.” (p.315 TMM)

May Montessori Inspired Theme And Activities For Preschool

This month of May we will be focusing on themes that we usually do during spring time season. I gather books and activities that best suited for this month and age appropriate for preschooler. My daughter Audrey’s sensitive period for language is at it’s peak at the age of three. Although she started to recognize patterns of the words at the age of 19 months, she’s still learning to read long words. I take advantage of this period by collecting books related to our month of May unit of studies. So here’s a preview of our May theme.

Some of the links in the post below are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. Please check out my disclosure policy for more details.

1. Lady Bug

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2. Fruit & Vegetables 

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3. Backyard Birds

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4. Trees

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5. Butterfly

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All of this five units are our focus this month of May with fun activities and songs that your kids will love too! We will start with the lady bug theme next week. Follow my blog for more ideas and inspirations.

5 Important Skills To Teach Toddlers And Preschoolers At Home Or School

My daughter is now three years old, that means she’s officially a preschooler. I will be homeschooling her until she turns five. We spend a large amount of time exploring and doing an active play. Learning through play is also a vital part of her developmental stage along with the use of our Montessori method at home.

Over the years of observing and teaching preschoolers, I created a list of important skills and lessons a preschooler needed to learn. In a Montessori method, a toddler basically do activities that helps with the refinement of muscles that prepares them to apply in practicing basic life skills or we also call this in a Montessori method the practical life skill. Here’s the list I created to share to all the parents to give you an idea what I do first to prepare kids before kindergarten. I created this list according to what I observed and tested as the most important skills a preschooler must learn. Of course, we follow the child according to their level of development and additionally they learn from their own pace. Not all two or three year olds are the same in their ability to learn. A two year old can read some words while the average will start at three years or four years. This is the same as learning the skills. I listed the skills in an order so it’s easier for the parents to teach their kids according to steps. Remember, a simple small steps you accomplish can nourish young mind’s curiosity.

Some of the links in the post below are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. Please check out my disclosure policy for more details.

Five Important Skills To Teach Preschooler

 1. Basic Life Skills or Practical Life Skills- The Practical Life in a child’s learning is very important. This is to develop in the very young child a strong and realistic sense of independence and self-reliance. This skill made me realize that a strong foundation should be mold first in a child’s life in order for them to learn the basic life skills. This skill also teaches the child to be successful in their later life.

Examples of basic life skills:

a. Putting on socks

b. Putting on shoes

c. Dressing

d. Drinking in a cup

e. Pouring milk in a glass

f. Washing hands

g. Brushing teeth

h. Putting on underwear and pants

g. Lacing a shoe

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Preparing breakfast; Mixing eggs using a whisker

And the list adds up as the child learns a new skill. It is important for the parents to model first each new skills to your child. Young kids as early as one year old are capable to learn basic life skills. Take advantage of this.

2. Fine Motor Skill- The term fine motor means “small muscles”. Fine motor skills involve the use of the small muscles in the fingers, hand and arm to manipulate, control and use tools and materials. Hand-eye coordination, where a person uses their vision to control the movements and actions of their small muscles, is also an important component of fine motor skill development. Fine motor form the basis for many of the skills that children will develop and enhance as they move through childhood. For infants and young children, their fine motor skills facilitate their interactions with their world, and therefore their learning. As they develop, a child’s fine motor skills are essential precursors to the development of early literacy, and self-help skills such as independent dressing and toileting. As children move through their preschool and into their school years, their fine motor skills assist them to continue to develop as well as to participate in a range of more complex activities.  Each child will develop their fine motor skills at their own pace, and they will demonstrate different strengths and abilities, depending on their interests.

IMG_9333Molding kinetic sand using plastic knife.

3. Gross Motor Skills and Crossing the Midline- Gross motor skills that children should be supported to develop include those that involve movement of the arms, legs, hands, feet, head, neck and torso. The skills children need for optimum gross motor development include rolling, reaching, sitting, crawling, walking, climbing, balancing, running, jumping, catching, throwing and striking. These fundamental gross motor skills will assist children’s lifelong ability to participate in physical activity including sport and other recreational pursuits. My daughter loves to play outdoor almost everyday. She loves to run around the backyard, hop like a bunny and jump like a frog. We don’t have a huge play structure so I created a diy balance beam for her that are made of garden bricks and a long piece of wood. This type of play promotes balance and coordination and hours of active play outside.

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I use a Diy balance beam here that touches the ground. The edge are rounded so it gives a little bit of challenge for her. 

4. Nature Explorations and Educational Tours- Experiences are always the best teacher right? Planning for an activity such as nature walk, a visit at the kids museum, visit to the zoo, reading books in the local library, gardening, volunteer jobs along with your kids, opens an opportunity for a child to learn through experiences. They gain better understanding with the living things around them and the active involvement in the community provides personal achievement and pride.

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5. Music & Movement“Research studies shows that a preschooler who took  music lessons performed better on spatial and temporal reasoning task.” The same effects on infants when they engage in music. According to studies, when children learn to play an instrument, they gain the ability to hear and process sounds that they wouldn’t hear without training. Every active child loves to play musical instruments followed by dancing. You can see a baby who hears the beat of a drum suddenly throws her arms and try to jive with the music.

I hope this steps helps you get more insights as you walk through on your child’s developmental stages. Follow my blog for more tips and guides about parenting, homeschooling and Montessori method of learning and so much more!

Montessori Inspired Garden Activities For Toddler And Preschoolers

Gardening and gardening with kids are both therapeutic, fun, educational and worth the time spent with it. My parents told me that if you have a green thumb it can be really beneficial if you love gardening. In my homeland, my late father had established an area to grow what we eat like banana, taro leaves and crops such as sweet potato and cassava. I grew up with a memories of gardening with my family. Here in the US, We live in a tropical state where palm trees, flowers and variety of plants blooms beautifully. Together with the whole family, spending our time outdoors working at the garden are always a memorable one. I cherish those moments I’m helping my Dad to grow fruits and vegetables at our backyard. This memories stays with me forever and to keep those memories alive, I am sharing our precious moments at the garden with my now three year old daughter Audrey. This activities are perfect for toddlers and preschoolers. Small objects such as glass beads are choking hazards so take extra precautions for your littles.

Some of the links in the post below are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. Please check out my disclosure policy for more details.

It is true that man has created enjoyments in social life and has brought about a vigorous human love in community life. But nevertheless he still belongs to nature, and, especially when he is a child, he must needs draw from it the forces necessary to the development of the body and of the spirit.” Dr. Maria Montessori (p153 tmm)

Montessori Inspired Garden Activities For Toddler And Preschoolers

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  • Decorating the patio– Giving child a task like decorating the patio is something that gives them a sense of responsibility and self confidence.

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  • Creating a mini garden– This is a fun activity for sensory play in the garden. I give her some glass beads, pebbles, rough stones, miniature fairy garden set and a mini pool. Then I show her how I decorate and place it in bin with stones. This mini pool or tub is her favorite hang out in our garden. She can play there for hours without interruptions just toss some ball, pool noodles, rubber duckies and other toys. You can also convert this into a reading area just place some blanket or picnic mat and throw pillows on it!

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  • The best shoe is no shoe at all! According to expert Tracy Byrne specializing in podopaediatrics, walking barefoot develops the muscles and ligaments of the foot, increases the strength of the foot arch, improves proprioception or the awareness of where we are. With this theory, I believe every child belongs to nature.

But it for the physical life it is necessary to have the child exposed to the vivifying forces of nature, it is also necessary for his psychical life to place the soul of the child in contact with creation, in order that he may lay up for himself treasure from the directly educating forces of nature.” Dr. Maria Montessori (p155 tmm)

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  • Grounding- Let children walk barefooted in a grass, beach sand, soil and smooth stones.

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  • Smelling flowers and herbs– A good activity to exercise sensory perception for your little ones. Choose plants in your garden that are safe for children.

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  • Child size patio and pool– I set up this cute mini patio area to give her a personal space to play, read and explore something new to her. I also place some child size chair, her gardening pail, mini bird house that she painted recently and a picnic mat to hang out or just simply lay there at night for moon and stars sighting. Of course the mini pool was her favorite play area.

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  • Insect observation– Observing ants in an ant hill. She knows that stepping on an ant hill would hurt her feet so she’s really careful not to step on it.

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  • Cutting leaves- A good activity to strengthen hand muscles. You can also find more inspirations and ideas from my blog “15 Effective Fine Motor Activities”.

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  • Painting a bird house- Kids love to paint. A wooden unfinished birdhouse is an excellent tool to let your child engage in an activity that strengthen their hand muscles and at the same time fuel their creativity by deciding what color to apply and materials to put in it for decoration.

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  • Writing/Drawing/Doodling on a chalkboard, white board or doodler pad– Also a fun tools to use during summer. I move this easel whenever we have an activity like painting, tracing, drawing and even just to hang a leaves to dry. I just put a string and tiny clips on it. A colored chalk, washable pens and markers, paints, stencils are best match with this fun activity outdoors.

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  • Watering the plants- Children naturally loves to help and contribute to our daily task. This simple task can be an exciting part of a child’s development that they can apply as they grow older.

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  • Weeding– Another task that she loves to do at the garden. I gave her the smallest weeder I saw at our backyard. For her this is part of her fun outdoor play but next thing you know, your child will be volunteering to do garden works for you!

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  • Let them explore– Observe, keep your distance, don’t talk. Let the child concentrate on something interesting to her.

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“The human being is a united whole, but this unity’s to be built up and formed by active experiences in the real world, to which it is led by the laws of nature.” (The Absorbent Mind p.203)